Monthly Archives: September 2015

Characteristics of the disease in the elderly

Because of the special nature of the old people’s physiology and pathology, the old people have their own special characteristics, including the following:
(1) at the same time, a variety of diseases
An old man with a variety of diseases at the same time. According to statistics, the elderly average at the same time with 4 to 6 kinds of diseases or more, such as an old man can also suffer from hypertension, coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia and carotid push disease, mild cataract, lumbar muscle strain etc.. Although these diseases exist at the same time in the human body, but there is always a priority, there must be a 1 ~ 2 kinds of disease, the harm of, Yun to the risk of fatal.

2) disease complications

When complications when suffering from a particular disease, complicated byother illnesses on the basis of the disease. Due to the decrease of immunefunction in the elderly, poor resistance to external microorganisms andother exciting combat capability is weak, the prevalence in the elderly thanthe young are more susceptible to complications. For example old stroke,coma, after surgery or fracture are complicated by pneumonia.

(3) water and electrolyte disturbance

Normally the body needs a certain amount of water and essentialelectrolytes, such as potassium, sodium, and other, to meet metabolic needsand balance. Due to the intracellular fluid of the body of the elderlyreduces cell degeneration, organ atrophy if fever or vomiting, diarrhea,very prone to water and electrolyte disturbances.

(4) symptoms are not typical, not obvious
The elderly due to reduced body morphology and function, reaction of weakened, sensitive to the reaction of pain and disease in children and young people does not like. As in adolescence, when the high fever reaction in the elderly due to decreased reaction performance for low fever or fever, and if the elderly patients with my infarction, rarely in the middle-aged people with severe chest pain, but almost no pain or only show a slight sense of chest tightness. Therefore, the elderly are often not clearly explain their pain and discomfort, or vague expression.
(5) the occurrence of a mental disorder or mental disorder
Due to the elderly patients with atherosclerosis, insufficient blood supply to the brain, when infection, fever, dehydration, arrhythmia, etc., prone to lethargy, delirium, speak nonsense, delirious to coma and other symptoms, which is due to cerebral hypoxia. Some diseases may be the main manifestation of sudden coma.
(6) the onset of the disease is fast and prone to systemic failure.
The old people’s internal organs reserve function is low, once the illness, the disease is easy to deteriorate rapidly. This is due to the original state of the balance of some organs and functions of rapid failure and involves multiple organ damage.

(7) after the illness, recovery is slow and poor
Due to the low metabolic rate of the elderly, the function of tissue and organ regeneration ability is poor, so, after the illness often not easy to recover, or to recover slowly, the base to many diseases also left sequelae, often need to take rehabilitation measures.
(8) over reliance on drugs
Old people have a disease, which is an inertial reaction. The use of old people is a very complicated problem. Improper use of drugs, such as a doctor for a long time frequently to the patient to use a certain drug, the formation of the patient’s tolerance to a drug, drug misuse for the patient’s own reasons for the patient often not to the patient’s condition to use excessive drugs, resulting in drug resistance, drug abuse. Whether drug abuse, or drug abuse, can cause drug dependence.
(9) a greater response to the drug
Elderly patients, such as excessive or improper dosage, with the elderly themselves to the drug reaction, it is easy to drug toxicity reaction, and even because of drug reactions and increase the disease, or to make health threatened.

The dusk years old –Constantly ill, and relapse

1. the physical characteristics of the elderly
Aging is a process that life is bound to experience, and it is the law of life. Aging can be divided into two types of physiological and pathological aging. Physiological aging refers to the physiological degeneration of the human body in the mature period. This is the general rule of biology. This is the reason that the human body has the internal or external causes, and the human body has pathological changes. Early’. Due to physiological and pathological aging, people to the elderly in physiology will show the following characteristics.
(1) decreased metabolic function
Because of the reduction of the metabolic function, the energy consumption of the basic life activities decreased, and the decomposition metabolism was more than that of the synthetic metabolism.

(2) decline in function of digestion
Digestive function with age and have different degrees of decline, gastrointestinal motility and emptying slow down, food in the intestines by bacteria fermentation to produce gas, often caused by abdominal full. And because of the food flow through the colon to slow down the rate of moisture absorption over, coupled with rectal hypotonia, easy to constipation and rectal prolapse. The elderly often due to loss of teeth, chewing ineffective, resulting in the digestive gland atrophy, reduced gastric acidity, pepsin, reduced secretion of digestive juice, on the digestion of nutrients reduced ability to absorb, prone to digestive dysfunction.

(3) the function of the liver and gallbladder
Liver weight loss, liver cell enzyme activity, detoxification function and metabolic function are all decreased. Narrowing the elderly with gallbladder, reduce the elastic, bile storage for a long time and concentrated, easy to form stones or lead to cholecystitis, thus it needs to pay attention to the quality of the diet, to prevent “mouth”, “cancer from the mouth into.”

(4) kidney weight loss
From the age of 30, the weight per 10 years of kidney units decreased by 10%, and the capacity of the kidney was decreased. The function of the kidney to remove the metabolic wastes, concentrate the urine and the absorption of the kidney has declined. Therefore, dietary protein must be moderate.

(5) cardiac dysfunction
The heart is gradually reduced with the increase of age weight, myocardial contractility, discharge of blood is reduced, resulting in blood flow to various organs and tissues of oxygen supply is influenced. Coronary atherosclerosis, the heart blood deficiency. Decreased blood vessel elasticity, the role of the regulation of blood pressure, easy to make blood pressure increased, become the important risk factors for the occurrence of Nao Zuzhong, coronary heart disease, heart failure.

(6) endocrine disorders
Endocrine hormone imbalance, resulting in the reduction of organic matter in the bone, the inorganic matter over calm, osteoporosis, prone to fracture. Pancreatic islet function, insulin secretion decreased, glucose tolerance decreased, the incidence of diabetes increased. Decreased thyroid function, decreased metabolic rate, reduced energy consumption. Hormone imbalance, stress ability.

(7) sensory organ passivation
Sensory organs, such as vision loss, dark adaptation ability to reduce the ability to adjust the lens adjustment, appear. Presbyopia. Around the cornea, “elderly people in the park is easy to occur, glaucoma. Smell and taste buds cells reduce,taste, hearing loss.

(8) immune system function decline
Cancer cells, bacteria, viruses, etc. to free activity and proliferation, thereby increasing the risk of infection and cancer of the elderly. Therefore, the activation and rejuvenation of immune cells, is an important part of aging, rejuvenation.